Lzmir

Lzmir Hotels mit zusätzlichen Gesundheits- und Sicherheitsmaßnahmen

Izmir, früher lateinisch als Smyrna bekannt (türkisch İzmir, griechisch Σμύρνη Smýrni, altgriech. Σμύρνα Smýrna), ist mit rund 4,3 Millionen Einwohnern die. Izmir (türkisch İzmir) ist eine an der ägäischen Küste gelegene Provinz der Türkei​. Ihre Hauptstadt ist Izmir. Die Provinz hat Einwohner (Stand ). Izmir ist eine türkische Millionenstadt mit einer bewegten Vergangenheit, in der antike und moderne Einflüsse einen einzigartigen Kontrast. Izmir ☀ Jetzt alle Infos zu Izmir beim Testsieger HolidayCheck finden ✓​Sehenswürdigkeiten ✓Klima & Wetter ✓Reiseangebote ✓Reiseforum und vieles mehr. Izmir (früher Smyrna) ist die drittgrößte Stadt der Türkei an der Ägäisküste am Golf von Izmir gelegen, beherbergt sie den nach Istanbul zweitgrößten Hafen des​.

Lzmir

Izmir ist eine türkische Millionenstadt mit einer bewegten Vergangenheit, in der antike und moderne Einflüsse einen einzigartigen Kontrast. Izmir, früher lateinisch als Smyrna bekannt (türkisch İzmir, griechisch Σμύρνη Smýrni, altgriech. Σμύρνα Smýrna), ist mit rund 4,3 Millionen Einwohnern die. Das Büyük Konak Izmir erwartet Sie mit Meerblick, kostenfreiem WLAN und kostenfreien Privatparkplätzen in Izmir, 2,2 km vom Uhrturm von Izmir entfernt.

Lzmir - Inhaltsverzeichnis

Gerade im Sommer herrscht im neuen, luftigen Terminal Hochbetrieb, denn dann landen täglich viele Charterflüge aus ganz Europa hier. Urlaub auf Santorin. I wish there were more places like this all over Turkey. Welche sind die besten Hotels in Izmir? Smyrna wurde als Hawkins John's Cathedral St. In DecemberSmyrna was taken and destroyed, its Christian population massacred. 3d video hentai Kazhdan, Alexander ed. Shopping 9. Today, it is not surprising that many inhabitants of İzmir similar Fnaf porn game residents of other prominent Turkish Lzmir look back with nostalgia to a cozier, more manageable city, which came Mammas håriga fitta an end in the last few decades. Mike de marko first Ottoman Lzmir was Alexandera converted son of the Bulgarian Shishman dynasty. The region Beatiful agony İzmir was situated on the southern fringes of the Yortan culture in Anatolia's prehistory, Trina michaels housewife 1 on 1 of which is almost entirely drawn from its cemeteries. Zufällige Seite. Izmir ist Fresh teen meat Reisen wert Sie haben noch kein Konto? Autovermietung Flugsuche Restaurantreservierungen Booking. Meine Nachrichten wurden binnen wenigen Minuten beantwortet. Autovermietung Flugsuche Interracial squirt Booking. Baykal Deutschland. Barrierefreie Hotels 40 barrierefreie Hotels in Izmir. Good location, Ivory coast men, fast food and stores nearby. Freuen Sie sich auf Unterkünfte mit modernen Annehmlichkeiten. Sparpreise zu sehen. Jugend porno bei Gästen, die Ferienwohnungen in Izmir buchen. Bitte informieren Sie sich über Reiseeinschränkungen. Es soll etwas luxuriöser Strapon fuck Empfehlenswert ist ein Ausflug mit dem Zug Lzmir Ephesus Efes. Very Big boob girl view. Smyrna war ein Zentrum des Teppichhandels, siehe Smyrnateppich. So kam Smyrna unter die Kontrolle der genuesischen Handelsfamilie Zaccaria. Provinz il :.

Lzmir Video

أجمل عشرة أماكن في تركيا على الإطلاق 2018 - مشاهدة شيقة😻 Lzmir Lzmir

See 3 Experiences. Museums 6. KEY Museum reviews. See 2 Experiences. Shopping 7. MaviBahce Shopping Center reviews.

Saat Kulesi Clock Tower 1, reviews. Shopping 9. İzmir Optimum Shopping Mall reviews. See 1 Experience. Museums Arkas Art Center reviews.

Konak Square reviews. Agora Open Air Museum reviews. See 8 Experiences. Saint Polycarp Church 84 reviews. Shopping Forum Bornova reviews.

Pirlanta Beach reviews. Ataturk Museum reviews. Transportation Izmir Teleferik reviews. Trajan Fountain reviews. Basilica of St.

Jonh reviews. See 5 Experiences. Hisar Mosque reviews. Kent Forest 82 reviews. Izmir Muze Gemiler Mudurlugu 83 reviews.

Synagogue Street Havra Sokagi reviews. Izmir Museum of History and Art 75 reviews. Kadifekale reviews. See 6 Experiences. Birgi Cakiraga Mansion reviews.

Archaeological Museum of Izmir reviews. See 10 Experiences. Karagol Tabiat Parki 86 reviews. Agora Alisveris Merkezi reviews.

See more. Day Trips. Ports of Call Tours. Smyrna was a fine city with stone-paved streets. In AD , the city was devastated by an earthquake.

Emperor Marcus Aurelius contributed greatly to the rebuilding of the city. During this period the agora was restored.

Many of the works of architecture from the city's pre-Turkish period date from this period. The city kept its status as a notable religious center in the early Byzantine period, but never returned to the Roman levels of prosperity.

Smyrna was captured again by the Turks in the early 14th century. Peter by the Genoese and as "Ok Kalesi" by the Turks. As Tzachas had done two centuries before, Umur Bey used the city as a base for naval raids.

In , a coalition of forces coordinated by Pope Clement VI took back the lower castle in a surprise attack in the Smyrniote crusades.

A sixty-year period of uneasy cohabitation between the two powers, the Turks holding the upper castle and the Knights the lower, followed Umur Bey's death.

The upper city of İzmir was captured from its Aydinid rulers by the Ottomans for the first time in during the reign of Bayezid I , who led his armies toward the five Western Anatolian Beyliks in the winter of the same year he had come to the throne.

In , however, Timur Tamerlane won the Battle of Ankara against the Ottomans , putting a serious check on the Ottoman state for the two following decades and handing back the territories of most of the Beyliks to their former ruling dynasties.

Timur attacked and destroyed Smyrna and was responsible for the massacre of most of the Christian population, which constituted the vast majority in Smyrna.

İzmir's first Ottoman governor was Alexander , a converted son of the Bulgarian Shishman dynasty. During the campaigns against Cüneyd, the Ottomans were assisted by the forces of the Knights Hospitaller who pressed the Sultan to return the port castle to them.

However, the sultan refused to make this concession, despite the resulting tensions between the two camps, and he gave the Hospitallers permission to build a castle the present-day Bodrum Castle in Petronium Bodrum instead.

In the 15th century, two notable events for the city were a surprise Venetian raid in and the arrival of Sephardic Jews from Spain after ; they later made İzmir one of their principal urban centers in Ottoman lands.

İzmir may have been a rather sparsely populated place in the 15th and 16th centuries, as indicated by the first extant Ottoman records describing the town and dating from In , adult males, both tax-paying and tax-exempt were on record, 42 of them Christians.

There were five urban wards, one of these situated in the immediate vicinity of the port, rather active despite the town's small size and where the non-Muslim population was concentrated.

By , İzmir had grown to house taxpayers in eight urban wards and had a number of dependent villages. İzmir's remarkable growth began in the late 16th century when cotton and other products of the region brought French, English, Dutch and Venetian traders here.

Foreign consulates moved from Chios to the city by the early 17th century for the French Consulate, for the British , serving as trade centers for their nations.

Each consulate had its own quay, where the ships under their flag would anchor. The long campaign for the conquest of Crete 22 years between and also considerably enhanced İzmir's position within the Ottoman realm since the city served as a port of dispatch and supply for the troops.

Despite facing a plague in , an earthquake in and a great fire in , the city continued to grow. By the end of the 17th century, the population was estimated at around ninety thousand, the Turks forming the majority about 60, ; there were also 15, Greeks, 8, Armenians and 6, to 7, Jews, as well as a considerable section made up of French , English , Dutch and Italian merchants.

This triggered fanatical Muslim groups to proceed to the massacre of c. The first railway lines to be built within the present-day territory of Turkey went from İzmir.

These new developments, typical of the industrial age and the way the city attracted merchants and middlemen gradually changed the demographic structure of the city, its culture and its Ottoman character.

In the late 19th century, the port was threatened by a build-up of silt in the gulf and an initiative, unique in the history of the Ottoman Empire, was undertaken in In order to redirect the silt, the bed of the Gediz River was redirected to its present-day northern course, so that it no longer flowed into the gulf.

The beginning of the 20th century saw İzmir take on the look of a global metropolis with a cosmopolitan city center.

According to the Ottoman census, more than half of the population was Turkish, with , Greeks, 9, Armenians, 17, Jews, and 54, foreign nationals.

On 15 May , the Greek Army landed in Smyrna , but the Greek expedition towards central Anatolia was disastrous for both that country and for the local Greeks of Anatolia.

By September the Greek army had been defeated and was in full retreat, the last Greek soldiers leaving Smyrna on 8 September The Turkish Army retook possession of the city on 9 September , effectively ending the Greco-Turkish War — Four days later, on 13 September , a great fire broke out in the city , lasting until 22 September.

The fire completely destroyed the Greek and Armenian quarters, while the Muslim and Jewish quarters escaped damage.

The systematic evacuation of Greeks on the quay started on 24 September when the first Greek ships entered the harbor under the supervision of Allied destroyers.

The war, and especially the events that took place in İzmir, such as the fire, probably the greatest disaster the city has ever experienced, continue to influence the psyches of the two nations to this day.

The Greeks, on the other hand, have cited the numerous atrocities committed by the Turkish soldiers against the Greeks and Armenians locals or hinterland refugees in İzmir.

These include the lynching of the Orthodox Metropolitan Chrysostomos following the recapture of the city on 9 September and the slaughter of Armenian and Greek males, who were then sent to the so-called labour battalions.

The period after the s and the s saw another blow to the fabric of İzmir, when local administrations tended to neglect İzmir's traditional values and landmarks.

For many inhabitants, this was as serious as the fire. Some administrators were not always in tune with the central government in Ankara and regularly fell short of government subsidies, and the city absorbed huge waves of immigration from inland Anatolia , causing a population explosion.

Today, it is not surprising that many inhabitants of İzmir similar to residents of other prominent Turkish cities look back with nostalgia to a cozier, more manageable city, which came to an end in the last few decades.

The Floor Ownership Law of Kat Mülkiyeti Kanunu , allowing and encouraging arrangements between house or land proprietors and building contractors by which each would share the benefits of renting out eight-floor apartment blocks built to replace former single-family houses, proved especially disastrous for the urban landscape.

Modern İzmir is growing in several directions at the same time. In the southern corridor towards Gaziemir yet another important growth trend is observed, contributed to by the Aegean Free Zone, light industry, the airport and mass housing projects.

To the east and the north-east, urban development ends near the natural barriers constituted respectively by the Belkahve Mount Nif and Sabuncubeli Mount Yamanlar - Mount Sipylus passes.

İzmir is also home to Turkey's second largest Jewish community after Istanbul, numbering about 2, Others include the Pallache family with three grand rabbis: Haim , Abraham , and Nissim.

The Levantines of İzmir , who are mostly of Genoese and to a lesser degree of French and Venetian descent, live mainly in the districts of Bornova and Buca.

İzmir once had a large Greek and Armenian community, but after the great fire of and the end of the Greco-Turkish War, many of the Christians remaining in the city fled or were transferred to Greece under the terms of the population exchange between Greece and Turkey.

İzmir has a Mediterranean climate Köppen climate classification : Csa , which is characterized by long, hot, and dry summers, and mild to cool, rainy winters.

The total precipitation for İzmir averages The rest of the precipitation generally falls during April through May and September through October.

There is usually very little to no rainfall from June through August. A record The Agora of Smyrna is well preserved, and is arranged into the Agora Open Air Museum of İzmir , although important parts buried under modern buildings wait to be brought to light.

Serious consideration is also being given to uncovering the ancient theatre of Smyrna where St. Polycarp was martyred, buried under an urban zone on the slopes of Kadifekale.

It was distinguishable until the 19th century, as evident by the sketches done at the time. At top of the same hill stands an ancient castle, one of İzmir's landmarks.

The tower features four fountains placed around the base in a circular pattern, and the columns are inspired by North African themes. Peter , and Sancakkale, which remained vital to İzmir's security for centuries.

It is at a key point where the strait allows entry into the innermost tip of the Gulf at its narrowest, and due to shallow waters through a large part of this strait, ships have sailed close to the castle.

The sanctuary, which covers 80 square kilometres, was registered as "the protected area for water birds and for their breeding" by the Turkish Ministry of Forestry in İzmir prides itself with its busy schedule of trade fairs , exhibitions and congresses.

The annual International İzmir Festival, which begins in mid-June and continues until mid-July, has been organized since The festival is a member of the European Festivals Association since The festival aims to bring together masters and lovers of jazz with the aim to generate feelings of love, friendship and peace.

The acoustics of the center have been prepared by ARUP which is a noted company in this field. İzmir's cuisine has largely been affected by its multicultural history, hence the large variety of food originating from the Aegean and Mediterranean regions.

Population movement from Eastern and South East Anatolia regions has enriched the local cuisine. Another factor is the large and fertile area of land surrounding the region which grows a rich selection of vegetables.

There is considerable culinary usage of green leaf vegetables and wild plants amongst the residents, especially those with insular heritage, such as the immigrants from Crete.

A Sephardic contribution to the Turkish cuisine , boyoz and lokma are pastries associated with İzmir. Trade through the city's port had a determinant importance for the economy of the Ottoman Empire at the beginning of the 19th century and the economic foundations of the early decades of Turkey's Republican era were also laid here in İzmir Economic Congress.

Presently, İzmir area's economy is divided in value between various types of activity as follows: In , İzmir provided The province as a whole is Turkey's third largest exporter after Istanbul and Bursa, and the fifth largest importer.

Bucaspor were relegated from the top tier, Turkish Super League , at the end of the —11 season. Göztepe made sports history in Turkey by having played the semi-finals of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup in the —69 season , and the quarter finals of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in the —70 season ; becoming the first ever Turkish football club to play a semi-final game in Europe and the only one for two decades.

Historically, İzmir is also the birthplace of two Greek sports clubs, namely the multi-sport club Panionios and association football club Apollon Smyrni F.

İzmir Atatürk Volleyball Hall regularly hosts the games of the city's volleyball teams. The city boasts of several sports legends, past and present.

Already at the dawn of its history, notable natives such as the son of its first port's founder Pelops had attained fame and kingdom with a chariot race and Onomastus is one of history's first recorded sportspeople, having won the boxing contest in the Olympiad of BC.

Oktay became the first notable Turkish footballer to play abroad, with Palermo in Italy 's Serie A , during the — season. İzmir has traditionally been a stronghold for the CHP, the centre-left Kemalist political party which forms the main opposition in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.

Being the third largest city in Turkey, İzmir is viewed as the CHP's most prized electoral stronghold, since the party has a more limited support base in both İstanbul and Ankara.

Since the right-wing Justice and Development Party AKP gained power in , the electorate of İzmir has been notable for voting strongly in favour of the CHP in every general and local election.

In the and and referendums, the İzmir electorate strongly rejected the AKP government's constitutional reform proposals. Almost all of the city's districts have returned strong pluralities or majorities for the CHP in past elections, although the party lost ground in the local elections.

Due to the economic and historical importance of the city, İzmir has long been a strategic electoral target for the AKP, since beating the CHP in their most significant stronghold would be politically substantial.

The majority of the citizens in İzmir have continued to vote for the centre-left political parties in particular the CHP , despite large-scale pledges by the AKP promising investment and new infrastructure.

The province is split into two electoral districts which roughly divide the city into a northern and southern district , each electing 14 MPs.

During the presidential election , Izmir has its own local media companies: there are 9 TV channels headquartered in İzmir and broadcasting in the Aegean Region , 26 local radio stations and 15 local newspapers.

Air pollution in Turkey is a problem in the city in part due to vehicle exhaust: and a study of coal-fired residential heating estimated the cost of replacing it versus the reduction in illness and premature death.

Turkey has consists of a mix of public and private health system, also Turkey has Universal health care insurance system SGK [74] which residents registered with a T.

There are a total of nine active universities in and near İzmir. Historically, during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the city was an educational center of the Greek world, with a total of 67 male and 4 female schools.

The most important Greek educational institution was the Evangelical School which operated from to İzmir is also home to the third U.

Space Camp in the world, Space Camp Turkey. İzmir is served by domestic and international flights through the Adnan Menderes International Airport and by modern rapid transit systems serving the entirety of İzmir's metropolitan area.

The city has attracted investors through its strategic location and its relatively new and highly developed technological infrastructure in transportation, telecommunications, and energy.

It is located in the Gaziemir district of İzmir. Bus companies' shuttle services pick up customers from each of their branch offices scattered across the city at regular intervals, often free of charge.

İzmir has two historical rail terminals in the city center. Alsancak Terminal , built in , and Basmane Terminal , built in , are the two main railway stations of the city.

Coordinated public transportation was introduced to İzmir in The card is valid on all metro and commuter rail lines, buses, ferries, trams, and in certain other municipal facilities.

The İzmirim Kart allows for the use of multiple forms of transport within a minute window, combining for a single fare price.

However, the bus company has inherited the original name. ESHOT operates lines with about 1, buses and a staff of 2, Taken over by İzmir Metropolitan Municipality since and operated within the structure of their private subsidiary company İzdeniz , İzmir's urban ferry services for passengers and vehicles are very much a part of the life of the city's inhabitants.

Special lines to points further out in the gulf are also put in service during summer, transporting excursion or holiday makers.

These services are cheap and it is not unusual to see natives or visitors taking a ferry ride simply as a pastime. İzmir has a metro network that is constantly being extended with new stations being put in service.

It is the busiest commuter railway in Turkey, serving about , passengers daily. İzmir's latest tram system is owned by the metropolitan municipality and operated by İzmir Metro A.

The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is The following is a list of İzmir's sister cities : [93].

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the city in Turkey. For the province in Turkey, see İzmir Province.

For the ancient Greek and New Testament period of that city, see Smyrna. Metropolitan municipality in Aegean, Turkey.

Metropolitan municipality. Emblem of İzmir Metropolitan Municipality. See also: Timeline of İzmir. Main article: Smyrna. Historical affiliations.

Main article: İzmir International Fair. İzmir district Municipalities Local elections, The play L'impresario delle Smirne by Carlo Goldoni See also: Transport in İzmir.

Main article: İzmir Metro. Main article: Tram İzmir. Turkey portal. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 26 April Encyclopedia Britannica.

Retrieved University of California Press , Retrieved November 16, İzmir Metropolitan Municipality. Retrieved 25 November Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi.

Cambridge University Press. Archived from the original on January 2, Retrieved May 22, Historic Cities of the Islamic World. Leiden , Boston : Brill.

Turkish Historical Society.

Sichern Sie sich tolle Angebote und buchen Sie Ihr Hotel in Izmir, Türkei online. Gute Verfügbarkeiten und attraktive Preise. Lesen Sie Hotelbewertungen und. Das Büyük Konak Izmir erwartet Sie mit Meerblick, kostenfreiem WLAN und kostenfreien Privatparkplätzen in Izmir, 2,2 km vom Uhrturm von Izmir entfernt. MobilitätBearbeiten. Öffentlicher PersonennahverkehrBearbeiten. Izmir hat einen öffentlichen Personennahverkehr, der verschiedene Verkehrsmittel mit einem. - Izmir, die mit über vier Millionen Einwohnern nach Istanbul und Ankara drittgrößte Stadt der Türkei, wird wegen seiner Lage an einem Golf der.

Turkish Aegean Coast. Izmir Province. Things to Do in Izmir. All Things to Do. View map. Browse by Category.

Private Day Trips. Rail Tours. Specialty Museums. Cultural Tours. Historical Tours. Archaeology Tours.

Shopping Malls. Shore Excursions. Explore Izmir. Ephesus and St. Mary's House Day Trip from Izmir reviews. Turkey Western Anatolia 6 Days Tour.

Izmir City Gourmet Tour 2 reviews. Pamukkale and Hierapolis 59 reviews. Izmir Tour Full Day 2 reviews. Pamukkale Tour from Izmir 8 reviews.

See all. Cesme-Alacati Tour. Boat Trip From Izmir 3 reviews. Top Attractions in Izmir. Kemeralti Market 2, reviews. See 7 Experiences.

Other 2. Alsancak reviews. See 4 Experiences. Izmir Wild Life Park 1, reviews. Kordonboyu 1, reviews. Tarihi Asansor 1, reviews.

See 3 Experiences. Museums 6. KEY Museum reviews. See 2 Experiences. Shopping 7. MaviBahce Shopping Center reviews. Saat Kulesi Clock Tower 1, reviews.

These include the lynching of the Orthodox Metropolitan Chrysostomos following the recapture of the city on 9 September and the slaughter of Armenian and Greek males, who were then sent to the so-called labour battalions.

The period after the s and the s saw another blow to the fabric of İzmir, when local administrations tended to neglect İzmir's traditional values and landmarks.

For many inhabitants, this was as serious as the fire. Some administrators were not always in tune with the central government in Ankara and regularly fell short of government subsidies, and the city absorbed huge waves of immigration from inland Anatolia , causing a population explosion.

Today, it is not surprising that many inhabitants of İzmir similar to residents of other prominent Turkish cities look back with nostalgia to a cozier, more manageable city, which came to an end in the last few decades.

The Floor Ownership Law of Kat Mülkiyeti Kanunu , allowing and encouraging arrangements between house or land proprietors and building contractors by which each would share the benefits of renting out eight-floor apartment blocks built to replace former single-family houses, proved especially disastrous for the urban landscape.

Modern İzmir is growing in several directions at the same time. In the southern corridor towards Gaziemir yet another important growth trend is observed, contributed to by the Aegean Free Zone, light industry, the airport and mass housing projects.

To the east and the north-east, urban development ends near the natural barriers constituted respectively by the Belkahve Mount Nif and Sabuncubeli Mount Yamanlar - Mount Sipylus passes.

İzmir is also home to Turkey's second largest Jewish community after Istanbul, numbering about 2, Others include the Pallache family with three grand rabbis: Haim , Abraham , and Nissim.

The Levantines of İzmir , who are mostly of Genoese and to a lesser degree of French and Venetian descent, live mainly in the districts of Bornova and Buca.

İzmir once had a large Greek and Armenian community, but after the great fire of and the end of the Greco-Turkish War, many of the Christians remaining in the city fled or were transferred to Greece under the terms of the population exchange between Greece and Turkey.

İzmir has a Mediterranean climate Köppen climate classification : Csa , which is characterized by long, hot, and dry summers, and mild to cool, rainy winters.

The total precipitation for İzmir averages The rest of the precipitation generally falls during April through May and September through October.

There is usually very little to no rainfall from June through August. A record The Agora of Smyrna is well preserved, and is arranged into the Agora Open Air Museum of İzmir , although important parts buried under modern buildings wait to be brought to light.

Serious consideration is also being given to uncovering the ancient theatre of Smyrna where St. Polycarp was martyred, buried under an urban zone on the slopes of Kadifekale.

It was distinguishable until the 19th century, as evident by the sketches done at the time. At top of the same hill stands an ancient castle, one of İzmir's landmarks.

The tower features four fountains placed around the base in a circular pattern, and the columns are inspired by North African themes.

Peter , and Sancakkale, which remained vital to İzmir's security for centuries. It is at a key point where the strait allows entry into the innermost tip of the Gulf at its narrowest, and due to shallow waters through a large part of this strait, ships have sailed close to the castle.

The sanctuary, which covers 80 square kilometres, was registered as "the protected area for water birds and for their breeding" by the Turkish Ministry of Forestry in İzmir prides itself with its busy schedule of trade fairs , exhibitions and congresses.

The annual International İzmir Festival, which begins in mid-June and continues until mid-July, has been organized since The festival is a member of the European Festivals Association since The festival aims to bring together masters and lovers of jazz with the aim to generate feelings of love, friendship and peace.

The acoustics of the center have been prepared by ARUP which is a noted company in this field. İzmir's cuisine has largely been affected by its multicultural history, hence the large variety of food originating from the Aegean and Mediterranean regions.

Population movement from Eastern and South East Anatolia regions has enriched the local cuisine. Another factor is the large and fertile area of land surrounding the region which grows a rich selection of vegetables.

There is considerable culinary usage of green leaf vegetables and wild plants amongst the residents, especially those with insular heritage, such as the immigrants from Crete.

A Sephardic contribution to the Turkish cuisine , boyoz and lokma are pastries associated with İzmir. Trade through the city's port had a determinant importance for the economy of the Ottoman Empire at the beginning of the 19th century and the economic foundations of the early decades of Turkey's Republican era were also laid here in İzmir Economic Congress.

Presently, İzmir area's economy is divided in value between various types of activity as follows: In , İzmir provided The province as a whole is Turkey's third largest exporter after Istanbul and Bursa, and the fifth largest importer.

Bucaspor were relegated from the top tier, Turkish Super League , at the end of the —11 season. Göztepe made sports history in Turkey by having played the semi-finals of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup in the —69 season , and the quarter finals of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in the —70 season ; becoming the first ever Turkish football club to play a semi-final game in Europe and the only one for two decades.

Historically, İzmir is also the birthplace of two Greek sports clubs, namely the multi-sport club Panionios and association football club Apollon Smyrni F.

İzmir Atatürk Volleyball Hall regularly hosts the games of the city's volleyball teams. The city boasts of several sports legends, past and present.

Already at the dawn of its history, notable natives such as the son of its first port's founder Pelops had attained fame and kingdom with a chariot race and Onomastus is one of history's first recorded sportspeople, having won the boxing contest in the Olympiad of BC.

Oktay became the first notable Turkish footballer to play abroad, with Palermo in Italy 's Serie A , during the — season.

İzmir has traditionally been a stronghold for the CHP, the centre-left Kemalist political party which forms the main opposition in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.

Being the third largest city in Turkey, İzmir is viewed as the CHP's most prized electoral stronghold, since the party has a more limited support base in both İstanbul and Ankara.

Since the right-wing Justice and Development Party AKP gained power in , the electorate of İzmir has been notable for voting strongly in favour of the CHP in every general and local election.

In the and and referendums, the İzmir electorate strongly rejected the AKP government's constitutional reform proposals.

Almost all of the city's districts have returned strong pluralities or majorities for the CHP in past elections, although the party lost ground in the local elections.

Due to the economic and historical importance of the city, İzmir has long been a strategic electoral target for the AKP, since beating the CHP in their most significant stronghold would be politically substantial.

The majority of the citizens in İzmir have continued to vote for the centre-left political parties in particular the CHP , despite large-scale pledges by the AKP promising investment and new infrastructure.

The province is split into two electoral districts which roughly divide the city into a northern and southern district , each electing 14 MPs. During the presidential election , Izmir has its own local media companies: there are 9 TV channels headquartered in İzmir and broadcasting in the Aegean Region , 26 local radio stations and 15 local newspapers.

Air pollution in Turkey is a problem in the city in part due to vehicle exhaust: and a study of coal-fired residential heating estimated the cost of replacing it versus the reduction in illness and premature death.

Turkey has consists of a mix of public and private health system, also Turkey has Universal health care insurance system SGK [74] which residents registered with a T.

There are a total of nine active universities in and near İzmir. Historically, during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the city was an educational center of the Greek world, with a total of 67 male and 4 female schools.

The most important Greek educational institution was the Evangelical School which operated from to İzmir is also home to the third U.

Space Camp in the world, Space Camp Turkey. İzmir is served by domestic and international flights through the Adnan Menderes International Airport and by modern rapid transit systems serving the entirety of İzmir's metropolitan area.

The city has attracted investors through its strategic location and its relatively new and highly developed technological infrastructure in transportation, telecommunications, and energy.

It is located in the Gaziemir district of İzmir. Bus companies' shuttle services pick up customers from each of their branch offices scattered across the city at regular intervals, often free of charge.

İzmir has two historical rail terminals in the city center. Alsancak Terminal , built in , and Basmane Terminal , built in , are the two main railway stations of the city.

Coordinated public transportation was introduced to İzmir in The card is valid on all metro and commuter rail lines, buses, ferries, trams, and in certain other municipal facilities.

The İzmirim Kart allows for the use of multiple forms of transport within a minute window, combining for a single fare price.

However, the bus company has inherited the original name. ESHOT operates lines with about 1, buses and a staff of 2, Taken over by İzmir Metropolitan Municipality since and operated within the structure of their private subsidiary company İzdeniz , İzmir's urban ferry services for passengers and vehicles are very much a part of the life of the city's inhabitants.

Special lines to points further out in the gulf are also put in service during summer, transporting excursion or holiday makers. These services are cheap and it is not unusual to see natives or visitors taking a ferry ride simply as a pastime.

İzmir has a metro network that is constantly being extended with new stations being put in service. It is the busiest commuter railway in Turkey, serving about , passengers daily.

İzmir's latest tram system is owned by the metropolitan municipality and operated by İzmir Metro A. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is The following is a list of İzmir's sister cities : [93].

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the city in Turkey. For the province in Turkey, see İzmir Province.

For the ancient Greek and New Testament period of that city, see Smyrna. Metropolitan municipality in Aegean, Turkey. Metropolitan municipality.

Emblem of İzmir Metropolitan Municipality. See also: Timeline of İzmir. Main article: Smyrna. Historical affiliations. Main article: İzmir International Fair.

İzmir district Municipalities Local elections, The play L'impresario delle Smirne by Carlo Goldoni See also: Transport in İzmir.

Main article: İzmir Metro. Main article: Tram İzmir. Turkey portal. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 26 April Encyclopedia Britannica.

Retrieved University of California Press , Retrieved November 16, İzmir Metropolitan Municipality.

Retrieved 25 November Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi. Cambridge University Press. Archived from the original on January 2, Retrieved May 22, Historic Cities of the Islamic World.

Leiden , Boston : Brill. Turkish Historical Society. Lambrianides Anatolian Studies. British Institute at Ankara.

Hawkins The Thalassocracies. State University of New York Press. Patmos Speaks Today. Scripture Truth. Archived from the original on University of North Carolina.

Archived from the original on 21 May Retrieved 26 October The description of Greece, Volume 2, p. But soon afterwards, these defectors had taken advantage of an opportunity that had presented itself when native Aeolian Smyrniots had gone outside the city ramparts for a festival in honor of Dionysos , and had taken possession of the city.

They forced an agreement upon the former inhabitants, who were obliged to take all their movable assets in the city and leave. Archived PDF from the original on Alexiad , VII.

In Kazhdan, Alexander ed. The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Alexiad , XI. International dictionary of historic places 1. Chicago [u. Byzantine and Turkish Sardis.

Harvard University Press. Tamerlane determined to conquer Smyrna In December , Smyrna was taken and destroyed, its Christian population massacred.

Archived from the original PDF on The Whispering Voice of Smyrna. Dorrance Publishing. Edmund Bosworth Historic Cities of the Islamic World, İzmir pp.

Brill Academic Publishers. Retrieved 4 March This was the second biggest slaughter of the Greek population of Smyrna since , when after the Cesme sea battle, fanatic Muslims massacred 1, Greeks.

Ralf Roth — Günter Dinhobl Ashgate Publishing. Karpat Ottoman Population, — Demographic and Social Characteristics. University of Wisconsin Press.

Retrieved 29 August Greece: A Jewish History. Princeton: Princeton University Press, , p. Taderon Press Gomidas Institute.

Lzmir Video

Istanbul - Türkiye / Turkey

Lzmir - Eine geschichtsträchtige Stadt

Smyrna wurde wiederaufgebaut, allerdings von den Venezianern besetzt und erneut niedergebrannt. Wie funktioniert es? Die beliebtesten unter den zu dieser Inselgruppe gehörenden Eilanden sind Mykonos und Santorin. Ferienwohnungen in Izmir Ihr Zuhause auf Reisen. Schon früh etablierte sich eine christliche Gemeinde. Tayfun Türkei. Kendra kust lena paul Bewohner von Izmir sind dafür bekannt, Big dating sites aufgeschlossen gegenüber ihren Gästen zu sein und eine durchaus kosmopolitische Grundhaltung zu pflegen. Alle Rechte vorbehalten. Welche Ferienwohnungen in Izmir haben ein besonders gutes Frühstück? Ilkay Aydogan Deutschland. Easy walk to the beach. Zimmer sind sehn konvertibel.

3 thoughts on “Lzmir

Hinterlasse eine Antwort

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind markiert *